2021 Kentucky Derby

2021 Kentucky Derby

147th running Kentucky Derby

The 2021 Kentucky Derby (officially, the 2021 Kentucky Derby presented by Woodford Reserve)[2] was the 147th running of the Kentucky Derby. It took place on May 1, 2021, in Louisville, Kentucky. The field was open to 20 horses,[3] who qualified for the race by earning points on the 2021 Road to the Kentucky Derby. The Kentucky Derby is a Grade I stakes race for three-year-old Thoroughbreds at a distance of 1+14 miles (2.0 km) and has been run at Churchill Downs racetrack since its inception in 1875. The purse for 2021 was US$3 million.

Medina Spirit crossed the finish line first, which may have given his trainer Bob Baffert a record seventh win in the race and jockey John Velazquez his fourth Derby win.[4] However, the horse tested positive for betamethasone after the race. The Kentucky Horse Racing Commission, which will make the final decision if the horse will be disqualified, as of July 13, 2021, has not yet indicated when a ruling will be made. If Medina Spirit is disqualified, Mandaloun will be named the winner.[5]

The race was broadcast by NBC, with coverage by NBCSN of undercard races beginning at 12:30 pm EDT and main network coverage of pre-race activities starting at 2:30 pm EDT. It was also livestreamed on NBCSports.com. The post time was 7:01 pm.[6]


The 2021 edition of the race returned to the Derby's traditional date on the first Saturday in May, when it had been held for 89 of the last 90 years.[6] Because of the COVID-19 pandemic, the 2020 race was delayed to September and had no paid attendance. The Derby typically has one of the highest audiences of all North American sporting events, in the range of 150,000 in recent years, which includes a large infield crowd. The 2021 had a reduced attendance, with reserved seating limited to about 60% of capacity.[7] About 15,000 general admission tickets to the infield were also sold – roughly 25% to 30% of capacity.[8]


The Kentucky Derby is only open to three-year-old Thoroughbreds,[9] thus entrants in the 2021 race were foaled in 2018, as part of the North American foal crop of 21,181.[10][b] The field is limited to twenty horses who qualify based on points earned in the 2021 Road to the Kentucky Derby, a series of designated races that was first introduced in 2013. This point system replaced the previous graded stakes race earnings system.[11]

Most positions in the Derby starting gate are earned on the main Road, consisting of 35 races in North America plus one in Dubai. The major preps for the Kentucky Derby are the Louisiana Derby, Jeff Ruby Steaks, UAE Derby, Florida Derby, Wood Memorial, Blue Grass Stakes, Santa Anita Derby, and Arkansas Derby. Each of these races provided the winner with 100 qualifying points, essentially guaranteeing that horse a berth in the Derby provided the owner paid the required nomination and entry fees. The first four of these major preps were run in late March 2021 and were won by Hot Rod Charlie, Like The King, Rebel's Romance, and Known Agenda respectively. The next three major preps were run on April 3, 2021 and were won by Bourbonic, Essential Quality, and Rock Your World. The last major prep was run on April 10 and was won by Super Stock.[12]

One qualification position was also available via the European Road to the Kentucky Derby, and another via the Japan Road. Due in part to ongoing restrictions related to the Covid-19 pandemic, none of these offers were accepted in 2021. These two positions reverted to qualifiers on the main Road.[12]


The favorite for the 2021 Kentucky Derby was Essential Quality, who was undefeated in all five of his previous starts including the Breeders' Cup Juvenile and Blue Grass Stakes. Essential Quality trained at Churchill Downs and had previously won at the track, giving him a home field advantage. His main rivals were the Santa Anita Derby winner Rock Your World, Florida Derby winner Known Agenda, and Louisiana Derby winner Hot Rod Charlie. There were also several highly regarded horses who were runners-up in these events, including Highly Motivated who was second in the Blue Grass, Midnight Bourbon who was second in the Louisiana Derby, and Medina Spirit (the eventual winner), who was second in the Santa Anita Derby.[13] The other major preps were less impressive to handicappers, and the winners of those were relative longshots in the Derby. For example, the 72–1 Wood Memorial winner Bourbonic went off at odds of 28–1.[13][14][15]

The post position draw was held at 11:00 a.m. on Tuesday, April 27.[6]

Race description

A woman wearing a festive Kentucky Derby hat festooned with COVID-19 face masks.

In his previous race at Santa Anita, Medina Spirit had rated behind the pace set by Rock Your World and had finished second. For the Derby, jockey John Velazquez decided to change tactics and instead sent Medina Spirit to the early lead with Soup and Sandwich in second. Several horses, including Essential Quality and Rock Your World, bumped at the start and lost position – Rock Your World never recovered while Essential Quality was carried wide around the first turn. Medina Spirit set solid fractions of :46.70 for the half-mile and 1:11.21, after which Soup and Sandwich fell back, eventually finishing last. Mandaloun and Hot Rod Charlie moved into contention as the field completed the mile in 1:35.98, with Mandaloun closing to within a head of Medina Spirit. Essential Quality looked threatening while making a wide move but lost momentum as they turned into the stretch. In a close finish, Medina Spirit held off his rivals to win by half a length over Mandaloun with Hot Rod Charlie just edging Essential Quality for third.[16][1]

It was a record-breaking seventh Derby win for trainer Bob Baffert, who had earned his first such win in 1997 with Silver Charm. It was the fourth win for jockey Velazquez and the first for Zedan Racing Stables.[1][17]

Medina Spirit's share of the purse was $1,860,000.[16]


Bob Baffert, the trainer of Medina Spirit, was suspended by Churchill Downs for two years for "reckless practices and substance violations".[5]

One week after the Kentucky Derby was run, Bob Baffert's assistant, Jimmy Barnes, was informed by the Kentucky Horse Racing Commission (KHRC) that post-race testing on Medina Spirit showed 21 pg/mL of betamethasone.[18] In Kentucky, betamethasone is classified as a Class C drug that is permitted for therapeutic use in horses, but requires a 14-day withdrawal time. Any amount of the drug detected in post-race testing is a violation and could result in a disqualification.

In a news conference on May 9, Baffert said that Medina Spirit was never administered betamethasone. In addition to a request for a split drug sample, Baffert requested an independent DNA and follicle test. He told reporters that he would fight the issue "...tooth and nail because I owe it to the horse, I owe it to the owner, and I owe it to our industry."[19][20] Shortly thereafter, Churchill Downs suspended Baffert from entering any horses at their racetrack pending the outcome of the commission's investigation.[21]

On May 11, Baffert released a statement through his attorney saying that veterinarians treated Medina Spirit with Otomax, an antifungal ointment, from after the horse's second-place finish in the Santa Anita Derby until the day before the Kentucky Derby. Baffert claimed that Otomax was used to treat dermatitis on the horse's hind end, and that he did not realize the ointment had betamethasone until after the positive test was reported. Baffert said he never attempted to "game the system or get an unfair advantage", and quoted pharmacologists who told him that "21 picograms of betamethasone would have no effect on the outcome of the race."[22]

On June 2, Churchill Downs announced that the split sample had also tested positive. The KHRC will determine whether the horse will be disqualified, but has not announced a timeline for their process. Churchill Downs also announced that it has suspended Baffert for two years as a result of this and earlier test positives at other racetracks. Bill Carstanjen stated for Churchill Downs that "given these repeated failures over the last year, including the increasingly extraordinary explanations, we firmly believe that asserting our rights to impose these measures is our duty and responsibility."[5]

Should Medina Spirit be disqualified for betamethasone, it will be the first drug-related disqualification of a Kentucky Derby winner since Dancer's Image was disqualified for phenylbutazone, a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID), following the 1968 edition.[23] It would be the second disqualification in three years (Maximum Security was disqualified in 2019 due to interference), and the third disqualification in the 147-year history of the race.

On December 6, Medina Spirit died following a workout.[24][25] At the time of his death, Medina Spirit was still an active racehorse, even recently winning the October 2021 Awesome Again Stakes and then afterwards finishing second in the November 2021 Breeder's Cup Classic.[26][27] Three days before his death, Baffert's attorney Craig Robinson publicly acknowledged that the kind of betamethasone which Medina Spirit was injected with was banned by Kentucky state rules, while also alleging it was used to improve his skin condition rather than enhance performance.[24]


Finish Program
Horse Qualifying
Trainer Jockey[29] Morning
Line Odds[15]
1 8 Medina Spirit 74 Bob Baffert John Velazquez 15–1 12.10 $1,860,000
2 7 Mandaloun 52 Brad Cox Florent Geroux 12–1 26.90 +12 length $600,000
3 9 Hot Rod Charlie 110 Doug O'Neill Flavien Prat 8–1 5.60 1 length $300,000
4 14 Essential Quality 140 Brad Cox Luis Saez 2–1 2.90* 1 length $150,000
5 6 O Besos 25 Greg Foley Marcelino Pedroza 20–1 41.70 5+12 lengths $90,000
6 10 Midnight Bourbon 66 Steve Asmussen Mike Smith 20–1 13.20 8+14 lengths
7 4 Keepmeinmind 18 Robertino Diodoro David Cohen 20–1 49.00 8+12 lengths
8 12 Helium 50 Mark Casse Julien Leparoux 50–1 38.10 10+12 lengths
9 1 Known Agenda 102 Todd Pletcher Irad Ortiz Jr. 6–1 9.90 10+34 lengths
10 17 Highly Motivated 50 Chad Brown Javier Castellano 10–1 10.70 11 lengths
11 5 Sainthood 40 Todd Pletcher Corey Lanerie 50–1 43.40 12+34 lengths
12 2 Like the King 104 Wesley Ward Drayden Van Dyke 50–1 49.90 12+34 lengths
13 20 Bourbonic 100 Todd Pletcher Kendrick Carmouche 30–1 30.40 16 lengths
14 13 Hidden Stash 32 Vicki Oliver Rafael Bejarano 50–1 39.40 16+34 lengths
15 3 Brooklyn Strong 10 Daniel Velazquez Umberto Rispoli 30–1 43.50 18+14 lengths
16 18 Super Stock 109 Steve Asmussen Ricardo Santana Jr. 30–1 33.90 19+34 lengths
17 15 Rock Your World 100 John Sadler Joel Rosario 5–1 4.70 24+14 lengths
18 11 Dynamic One 40 Todd Pletcher Jose Ortiz 20–1 45.30 32+14 lengths
19 19 Soup and Sandwich 40 Mark Casse Tyler Gaffalione 30–1 26.90 65+14 lengths
N/A 16 King Fury 20 Kenneth McPeek Brian Hernandez Jr. 20–1 Scratched[d] N/A N/A

Track condition: fast

Times: 14 mile – 23.09; 12 mile – 46.70; 34 mile – 1:11.21; mile – 1:35.98; final – 2:01.02.
Splits for each quarter-mile: (23.09) (23.61) (24.51) (24.77) (25.04)

Source: Equibase chart[16]


The table below shows the payout schedule for the 2021 Kentucky Derby[16]

Horse name Win Place Show
8 Medina Spirit $26.20 $12.00 $7.60
7 Mandaloun $23.00 $13.40
9 Hot Rod Charlie $5.20

See also


  1. ^ Medina Spirit tested positive for betamethasone and faces probable disqualification. However, the formal decision has not yet been made by the Kentucky Horse Racing Commission.
  2. ^ Horses from Europe and Japan are also eligible for the race, but proportionally fewer of them are pointed towards the Kentucky Derby.
  3. ^ With the scratch of No. 16 King Fury, horses with higher program numbers started one position closer to the rail. For example, No. 17 Highly Motivated started from post position 16.[28]
  4. ^ King Fury was scratched when he was diagnosed with a fever.[28]


  1. ^ a b c "$1,000 Medina Spirit Gives Baffert A Record Seventh Set Of Roses; Velazquez Rides Oaks-Derby Double". Paulick Report. May 1, 2021. Archived from the original on May 2, 2021. Retrieved May 2, 2021.
  2. ^ Frank Angst (October 25, 2017). "Woodford Reserve is New Kentucky Derby Sponsor". BloodHorse.com. Archived from the original on April 15, 2018. Retrieved April 15, 2018.
  3. ^ "2021 Kentucky Derby horses: All 20 entries ranked - nj.com". www.nj.com. Archived from the original on May 4, 2021. Retrieved May 4, 2021.
  4. ^ Freiman, Jordan. "Medina Spirit wins 147th Kentucky Derby". cbsnews. Archived from the original on May 4, 2021. Retrieved May 4, 2021.
  5. ^ a b c Bonesteel, Matt (June 2, 2021). "Churchill Downs suspends Bob Baffert, the embattled trainer of Medina Spirit, for two years". Washington Post. Retrieved June 2, 2021.
  6. ^ a b c Aulbach, Lucas. "What channel is Kentucky Derby 2021 on? Here's when it starts and how to watch". The Courier-Journal. Archived from the original on May 28, 2021. Retrieved April 11, 2021.
  7. ^ Helmer, Katrina. "Churchill Downs considering 60% capacity for 2021 Kentucky Derby as governor eases restrictions". WDRB. Archived from the original on May 3, 2021. Retrieved April 8, 2021.
  8. ^ "Limited Derby, Oaks infield-only tickets to go on sale". BloodHorse.com. Archived from the original on April 6, 2021. Retrieved April 8, 2021.
  9. ^ "How old are the horses at the Kentucky Derby?". Sports Illustrated. Archived from the original on August 15, 2020. Retrieved April 6, 2021.
  10. ^ "The Jockey Club Fact Book – Registered Foal Crop". www.jockeyclub.com. Archived from the original on April 8, 2018. Retrieved April 6, 2021.
  11. ^ "About the Road to the Kentucky Derby". Churchill Downs Incorporated. Archived from the original on April 11, 2016. Retrieved March 24, 2018.
  12. ^ a b c "Leaderboard – April 25 update" (PDF). kentuckyderby.com. Archived (PDF) from the original on April 25, 2021. Retrieved April 25, 2021.
  13. ^ a b King, Byron. "Derby Dozen – April 6 update". BloodHorse.com. Archived from the original on April 11, 2021. Retrieved April 11, 2021.
  14. ^ "Bourbonic upsets Wood Memorial". BloodHorse.com. Archived from the original on April 11, 2021. Retrieved April 11, 2021.
  15. ^ a b Oser, Christine; King, Byron (April 27, 2021). "Essential Quality Draws Post 14, Made 2–1 Derby Choice". BloodHorse.com. Archived from the original on April 27, 2021. Retrieved April 27, 2021.
  16. ^ a b c d "Chart of the Kentucky Derby". Equibase. Archived from the original on May 3, 2021. Retrieved May 2, 2021.
  17. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on May 2, 2021. Retrieved May 2, 2021.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  18. ^ "Medina Spirit's Kentucky Derby win in doubt after postrace drug test". Archived from the original on May 9, 2021. Retrieved May 9, 2021.
  19. ^ Crosby, Claire (May 9, 2021). "Medina Spirit Tests Positive for Betamethasone". bloodhorse.com. The BloodHorse. Archived from the original on May 9, 2021. Retrieved May 9, 2021.
  20. ^ Graves, Gary (May 9, 2021). "Baffert says Derby winner Medina Spirit tested positive". apnews.com. Associated Press. Archived from the original on May 9, 2021. Retrieved May 9, 2021.
  21. ^ "Churchill Downs' Statement in Response to Medina Spirit's Post-Race Test Result Allegations" (PDF) (Press release). Louisville, KY: Churchill Downs Incorporated. May 9, 2021. Archived (PDF) from the original on May 9, 2021. Retrieved May 9, 2021.
  22. ^ Hegarty, Matt (May 11, 2021). "Medina Spirit was treated with ointment containing betamethasone before Derby". drf.com. Daily Racing Form. Archived from the original on May 12, 2021. Retrieved May 11, 2021.
  23. ^ "Kentucky Derby winner Medina Spirit faces disqualification after failed drug test". The Guardian. May 9, 2021. Archived from the original on May 16, 2021. Retrieved May 16, 2021.
  24. ^ a b Sundby, Alex (December 6, 2021). "Kentucky Derby winner Medina Spirit dies after suffering heart attack following a workout". CBS News. Retrieved December 6, 2021.
  25. ^ "Medina Spirit Collapses, Dies After Santa Anita Workout". Horse Racing News | Paulick Report. December 6, 2021. Retrieved December 6, 2021.
  26. ^ Bonesteel, Matt (December 6, 2021). "What to know about how Medina Spirit died, past controversy". Washington Post. Retrieved December 6, 2021.
  27. ^ Cherwa, John (December 6, 2021). "2021 Kentucky Derby winner Medina Spirit dies after workout at Santa Anita". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved December 6, 2021.
  28. ^ a b Crosby, Claire (April 29, 2021). "King Fury Out of Kentucky Derby". BloodHorse.com. Archived from the original on April 30, 2021. Retrieved April 29, 2021.
  29. ^ "Meet the 2021 Kentucky Derby Jockeys". www.americasbestracing.net. Archived from the original on April 26, 2021. Retrieved April 26, 2021.

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